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Stanbridge

Primary School

BE BRAVE NOT PERFECT

How do we teach Oracy at Stanbridge and why has this approach been chosen?

Speaking and listening are fundamental to the teaching of English and permeates the whole curriculum – cognitively, socially and linguistically. We want our children to develop effective communication skills for the here and now and also in readiness for later life. We are committed to building and embedding a culture of oracy throughout our curriculum.

 

We will ensure that teachers and senior leaders are equipped with the skills to develop oracy for teaching and learning, to plan for talk across the curriculum and to elevate speaking beyond the classroom. By building a culture of oracy within our school, we want to develop our children’s confidence, spoken language and written outcomes across and beyond the curriculum.

 

Our aim is to enable the children to improve their levels of oracy so that they can express themselves clearly and are able to communicate effectively and confidently in front of any type of audience.  These skills are being encouraged in every area of our curriculum as good oracy skills can enhance every type of learning including maths and science. A key part of oracy is for children to think carefully about the language they are using, and tailor it to their subject, purpose and audience.

 

So much in life depends on being a good communicator, so it’s vital that children learn the importance of oracy from a young age. Children who start school with limited communication skills are six times less likely than their peers to reach the expected standards in English at the end of Year 6.  We are aware of children’s different starting points therefore developing oracy skills is crucial in improving our children’s life chances.

 

We also recognise that children who communicate well are more likely to form good relationships with other children and adults, therefore it is important that our children are able to listen to others, and respond appropriately. Purposeful talk is used to drive forward learning, through talk in the classroom, which has been planned, designed, modelled, scaffolded and structured to enable all learners to develop the skills needed to talk effectively.

Why is it right for children at Stanbridge?

At Stanbridge Primary School we will use a framework for oracy which breaks down the teaching of speaking and listening into four strands:

Physical

Cognitive

Linguistic

Social and Emotional

 

We promote classrooms rich in talk, in which questions are planned, peer conversations are modelled and scaffolded and the teacher uses talk skilfully to develop thinking. From EYFS to Year 6, children are given opportunities to develop oracy skills and build their confidence in talk for formal and informal situations, both in and outside the classroom.

 

We will have an embedded oracy curriculum ensuring the children have an opportunity to practice a variety of types of talk and practise the skills needed for different oracy outcomes:

  • exploratory talk
  • interactive/negotiation
  • recitation
  • debate and persuasion
  • building understanding
  • to inform/teach  
  • entertainment and expression

 

The deliberate, explicit and systematic teaching of oracy across the school and throughout the curriculum will support our children to make progress in the four strands of oracy. Our children will have opportunities to 'Speak like an Expert’ Deepening and embedding subject knowledge, understanding and reasoning.

 

A range of purposeful opportunities are used to encourage learning through talk and learning to talk, including:

  • Setting ground rules and roles for speaking and listening in class: such as putting your hand up before speaking, waiting to be chosen, and not interrupting each other.
  • Structures for questioning: using the ABC method: I agree with you because...., I want to build on what you said.... I'd like to challenge your thinking because....
  • Presentations: on a specified subject, or a subject of their own choosing. These could be individual presentations or in pairs or small groups, in front of their class or the whole school.
  • Group work: where communication and listening to each other are essential.
  • Discussions: as a pair, small group or whole class, for example about religious beliefs, story plots, or predicting the outcomes of experiments.
  • Debates: with one group of pupils for and another against a certain topic or question, such as, ‘Is it right to bully a bully?’
  • Hot seating: a drama technique where one child sits in the ‘hot seat,’ and the other children ask them questions to answer in character.
  • Exploring a text through performance: not just re-enacting what actually happens in the book, but also acting out what characters might do or say in a particular situation.
  • Role play: where children pretend to be someone else or pretend to be in a specific situation that they are not actually in at the time.
  • Talk in assemblies: e.g. attended by the rest of the school and often parents.

 

Through the teaching of oracy, children will be able to:

  • Speak fluently, with confidence and clarity in front of an audience including talking in full sentences.
  • Explore ideas through talk.
  • Deliberately select gestures that support the delivery of ideas e.g. gesturing towards someone if referencing their idea.
  • Recognise the value of listening to what others say.
  • Adapt how they speak in different situations according to the audience, including using Standard English.
  • Value their own opinions and be able to express them to others.
  • Begin to reflect on their oracy skills and identify areas of strength and areas to improve.
  • Ask questions to find out more about a subject.
  • Respond appropriately to what others say, challenge each other’s opinions and develop their own reasoned arguments.
  • Be open-minded, value the contribution of others and take account of their views.
  • Consider the impact of their words on others when giving feedback.
  • Share their learning in an engaging, informative way through formal presentations.

 

Teachers and Senior Leaders will use the progression statements from the Oracy Progression Map to monitor progress and attainment. Each year group will have oracy objectives which build on and extend from the previous year ensuring progression as the children move through the school.

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